Theory

Australian infantrymen sit on a transport as they head toward the beach at Gallipoli, Turkey, in 1915.

The Real Reason Britain Gambled at Gallipoli

A new book argues that Churchill’s famous folly was ultimately about food, fear, and free trade.

Margaret Thatcher Kurds Iraq

Britain’s Post-Brexit Foreign Policy Can Be a Force for Good

Boris Johnson shouldn’t shy away from global leadership and the morally driven approach that protected Kosovars and Iraqi Kurds in the 1990s.

King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein of Jordan speaks at the United Nations General Assembly on September 24, 2019 in New York City.

Jordan’s King Is His Own Worst Enemy

There’s much more evidence of the monarch’s poor governance than a foreign conspiracy against him.

Nationalists and Loyalists riot at the Peace Wall gates which divide the two communities on April 7 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

How Brexit Lit the Fuse in Northern Ireland

Loyalist fears that Boris Johnson is abandoning them have sparked a wave of violence that could endanger the Good Friday Agreement.

The French philosopher and writer Bernard-Henri Lévy in Paris on Nov. 24, 1986.

It’s Time to Take Bernard-Henri Lévy Seriously

A close reading of the philosophical career, and influence, of France’s most ridiculed public intellectual.

A national flag show is seen at Chaoyang park in Beijing on Sept. 30, 2006.

The Power of Narrative

A new book explains why some nations rise and others don’t.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan salutes his supporters during a rally at Istanbul's Yenikapi fairground to show solidarity with Palestinians after Israels aggression against Palestinian civilians on the Gaza border in Istanbul on May 18, 2018.

How Erdogan Got His Groove Back

It’s been a difficult and dizzying few months for Turkey—which is just the way the president likes it.

Fighter jets preparing to take off from the flight deck of USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier as it sails in South China Sea on its way to Singapore on Oct. 16, 2019.

Great-Power Competition Is a Recipe for Disaster

The latest poorly defined buzzword in Washington is leading pundits and policymakers down a dangerous path.

U.S. President Joe Biden speaks about foreign policy at the State Department in Washington on Feb. 4.

China Wants a ‘Rules-Based International Order,’ Too

The question is who gets to write the codes—and whether the United States will live up to its own.

A group of Jehovah's Witnesses in Massachusetts

Why Is Putin Afraid of Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Since they were labeled an extremist group in 2017, more than 400 have been charged or convicted.

israel religious secular idf protest

How Liberals Lost in Israel

The decline of Israeli democracy holds lessons for the United States.

U.S. President Donald Trump meets with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

The U.S. Doesn’t Need China’s Collapse to Win

A misguided theory of great-power competition will only lead to grief.

U.S. and Chinese officials meet at the opening session of talks at the Captain Cook Hotel in Anchorage, Alaska, on March 18.

Great Power Competition Is Not Enough

The United States needs to show it can make a cleaner world than China’s.

A woman wearing a face mask holds a sign during a rally to raise awareness of anti-Asian violence near Chinatown in Los Angeles, California, on Feb. 20.

Young People in China Are Losing Faith in the West

And that spells trouble for liberal democracy and Beijing’s relations with Washington.

Sen. Vito Crimi speaks at Quirinal Palace.

Has Italy’s Five Star Movement Given Up on Populism?

The anti-establishment bad boys of years past are changing their stripes—maybe.

Clerics walk along a market street near the Fatima Masumeh shrine in Iran's holy city of Qom

Iran Is Trying to Convert Syria to Shiism

Ten years after entering Syria’s civil war, Tehran is using religion to make its influence there permanent.

Filipinos burn mock Chinese flag during an anti-China protest in Makati, Philippines.

America Will Only Win When China’s Regime Fails

There are two possible outcomes of U.S.-China competition—but Washington should prepare for the more turbulent one.

People take a picture with a gold statue of former President Donald Trump at the Conservative Political Action Conference in the Hyatt Regency in Orlando, Florida on Feb. 27.

All Politics Is Personalized

Around the world, political leaders have amassed power by weakening their parties, and democracy may never recover.

An Emirati man wears a protective mask with the flags of the United States, Israel, and the United Arab Emirates, on Aug. 31, 2020.

Israel Is the Arab World’s New Soft Power

Arab countries are increasingly competing to deepen ties with their former enemy.

A Belarusian woman walks past security officers during a rally of opposition supporters in Minsk on Aug. 11, 2020.

Lukashenko’s Brutal Crackdown Has Lethal Help From Moscow

An investigation into the suppression of protests discovered the widespread use of Russian weapons.