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Trade Policy & Agreements

Workers operate sewing machines in a garment factory at the Hawassa Industrial Park in southern Ethiopia.
Workers operate sewing machines in a garment factory at the Hawassa Industrial Park in southern Ethiopia.

The Dark Side of Ethiopia’s Export Boom

Workers report sexual coercion and poor conditions at the Hawassa Industrial Park.

Workers transfer goods at a port in China amid an ongoing trade war with the United States.
Workers transfer goods at a port in China amid an ongoing trade war with the United States.

Who’s Winning the U.S.-China Trade War? No One

With no end in sight, nationalism is trumping economic wisdom as global recession looms.

China's President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev and other participants attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) leaders' summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan on Sept. 16.
China's President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev and other participants attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) leaders' summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan on Sept. 16.

Why Xi Jinping Chose Central Asia for His First Post-COVID-19 Trip

The region has long served as a testing ground for Beijing’s economic and foreign-policy ambitions and is becoming increasingly close to China.

U.S. President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
U.S. President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson

A Special Trade Relationship?

A free trade agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom looks unlikely, but they should find common ground in a progressive alliance.

U.S. President Joe Biden meets with Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador at the White House in Washington on July 12.
U.S. President Joe Biden meets with Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador at the White House in Washington on July 12.

Will U.S. ‘Nearshoring’ Go From Buzzword to Trend?

Washington says it wants to relocate supply chains to the Americas but has offered few concrete incentives to do so.

A person walks past a grid of mostly domestic movie posters in Seoul in 2006.
A person walks past a grid of mostly domestic movie posters in Seoul in 2006.

South Korea’s Film Rules Need a Reboot

The success of productions such as “Squid Game” and “Parasite” prove the industry can hold its own without excessive protectionism.

U.S. President Joe Biden, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attend a meeting of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity at the Izumi Garden Gallery in Tokyo on May 23.
U.S. President Joe Biden, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attend a meeting of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity at the Izumi Garden Gallery in Tokyo on May 23.

Biden’s Indo-Pacific Economic Framework Is a Paradigm Shift

The United States can no longer afford to buy geopolitical allies with market access.

U.S. and Chinese officials meet to discuss U.S.-China relations in Anchorage, Alaska, on March 18, 2021.
U.S. and Chinese officials meet to discuss U.S.-China relations in Anchorage, Alaska, on March 18, 2021.

The U.S. and China Haven’t Divorced Just Yet

Decoupling is all the rage. But a strong dollar and long-term corporate ties make the relationship as co-dependent as ever.

Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell testifies in the U.S. Senate in Washington on Sept. 24, 2020.
Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell testifies in the U.S. Senate in Washington on Sept. 24, 2020.

Why This Global Economic Crisis Is Different

This is the first time since World War II that there may be no cooperative way out.

Local officials and Ukrainian soldiers inspect a wheat grain warehouse.
Local officials and Ukrainian soldiers inspect a wheat grain warehouse.

To Avert a Global Food Crisis, Arm Ukraine

Russia’s proposed solutions are disingenuous. Only advanced Western weapons can end the Black Sea blockade.

Kishida, Biden, and Modi stand together in front of a large sign that reads "Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity."
Kishida, Biden, and Modi stand together in front of a large sign that reads "Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity."

Biden’s Economic Plan Leaves Asian Leaders Wanting More

The new Indo-Pacific Economic Framework isn’t quite what Asia-Pacific governments were hoping for.

Former U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during the American Freedom Tour at the Austin Convention Center in Austin, Texas, on May 14.
Former U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during the American Freedom Tour at the Austin Convention Center in Austin, Texas, on May 14.

Trump’s Poison Pills Are Still Toxic

Whether it’s Iran, China, Cuba, or immigration, U.S. President Joe Biden often finds himself stymied by his predecessor’s foreign policy.

U.S. President Joe Biden delivers remarks at the White House in Washington on Feb. 5, 2021.
U.S. President Joe Biden delivers remarks at the White House in Washington on Feb. 5, 2021.

Is Biden Fighting the Last War on Trade?

Critics question Trump-era tariffs as inflation climbs and U.S. leadership lags.

Buenos Aires protest against inflation
Buenos Aires protest against inflation

The Dangerous New Anti-Globalization Consensus

Soaring inflation is just one reason for Washington to keep global disintegration in check.

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador speaks during his daily morning press conference in Mexico City on April 11.
Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador speaks during his daily morning press conference in Mexico City on April 11.

AMLO’s Electrical Faceoff

Mexico and the United States might be headed for their biggest clash yet under USMCA.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina jointly inaugurate a major road named after former Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman during an agreement signing ceremony in New Delhi on April 8, 2017.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina jointly inaugurate a major road named after former Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman during an agreement signing ceremony in New Delhi on April 8, 2017.

The U.S. Should Stop Nickel and Diming India and Bangladesh

A low-cost program designed to promote economic development has shut out two key partners in Asia.

People hold candles during a rally to protest the Russian invasion of Ukraine near the Russian Embassy in Seoul on March 4.
People hold candles during a rally to protest the Russian invasion of Ukraine near the Russian Embassy in Seoul on March 4.

South Korea Must Pick a Side

Russia’s war in Ukraine has shown the “shrimp among whales” that hedging is no longer a viable foreign policy.

A woman takes part in a protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine in front of the Russian consulate in Montreal, Canada, on Feb. 25.
A woman takes part in a protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine in front of the Russian consulate in Montreal, Canada, on Feb. 25.

Putin’s War Could Save the Global Economic Order

In this crisis, Western countries have shaken off decades of economic policy lethargy.

Vietnamese border guards sit at the entrance of the border gate where container trucks remained stuck.
Vietnamese border guards sit at the entrance of the border gate where container trucks remained stuck.

Southeast Asian Traders Are Paying the Cost of China’s Border Policies

The impact of a zero-tolerance COVID-19 policy goes beyond rotting fruits.

Ones and Tooze Override Photo
Ones and Tooze Override Photo

Ones and Tooze Podcast: How a Group of Truckers Found Canada’s Chokepoint

A quarter of all goods traded between the United States and Canada are transported across one bridge.

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