Trade Policy & Agreements

Paraguayan President Mario Abdo Benitez (C), flanked by his Foreign Minister Antonio Rivas (L), and Finance Minister Benigno Lopez, delivers a speech during the first Mercosur Summit held via video conference due to the COVID-19 at the Central Bank headquarters in Asuncion, on July 2, 2020.

Latin America’s COVID-19 Fiasco Is Also a Crisis of Regional Integration

A spat at Mercosur’s 30th birthday marked a low point for regional cooperation.

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge join Prime Minister Boris Johnson and various heads of state and dignitaries at the U.K.-Africa Investment Summit at London’s Buckingham Palace on Jan. 20, 2020.

Britain Shouldn’t Put Its Money on a Post-Brexit Rapprochement With Africa

Boris Johnson is looking to old U.K. colonies for trade deals, but his government can’t compete with China and won’t get far until it abandons its neocolonial attitudes.

A man walks past a billboard for the construction of an oil refinery and storage facility in the port city of Hambantota, Sri Lanka, on March 24, 2019.

Chinese Belt and Road Investment Isn’t All Bad—or Good

As Sri Lanka shows, when it comes to Chinese debt, small states have agency and great powers have responsibilities.

Policemen inspect the facilities at a coal mine in Changji in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on Feb. 21.

Meet Today’s Masters of the Universe

“The World for Sale” peels back the cover on the secretive—and sometimes shady—people who make the modern world go around.

Abdolnaser Hemmati (C), Governor of the Central Bank of Iran, listens to a speech in parliament in Tehran on Oct. 7, 2018.

U.S.-Iran Talks Will Falter Unless Abdolnaser Hemmati Is at the Table

Unwinding sanctions will be central to reviving the nuclear deal. If the Biden administration wants a lasting solution, it must involve Iran’s central bank governor.

A Long March 5 rocket carrying an orbiter, lander, and rover destined for Mars lifts off from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in Hainan province, China, on July 23, 2020.

America Needs a Supercharged Space Program

It could build entire industries, create new jobs, green the economy—and unite the country behind a common purpose.

Activist Irade Kashgary waves a flag of the Uighur region as she takes part in a protest outside of the Apple Store on K Street on July 30, 2020 in Washington.

Why Western Companies Should Leave China

Consumers will punish brands that rely on forced Uighur labor. While abandoning the Chinese market might hit profits, it will bolster reputations.

Production line at a GlaxoSmithKline factory involved in the manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines in Saint-Amand-les-Eaux in northern France on Dec. 3, 2020.

America’s Supply Chains Are Foreign Policy Now

Why the push to bring home manufacturing won’t work—and what Biden should do instead.

Then-presidential candidate Joe Biden meets workers at the Fiat Chrysler plant in Detroit on March 10, 2020.

Biden’s Trade Plans Will Boost China’s Power in Asia

Supporting the middle class at home and reasserting leadership abroad may be mutually exclusive, especially in Asia.

France's President Emmanuel Macron and Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe gesture to US President Donald Trump as they attend a meeting on the digital economy at the G-20 Summit in Osaka on June 28, 2019.

Biden Should Finish Trump’s One Good Trade Idea

The president can corner China by bringing one of his predecessor’s foreign-policy initiatives to completion.

People carry merchandise at the Benin-Nigeria border city of Krake on Dec. 17, 2020.

The Long Road to Free Trade in Nigeria—and Beyond

The African Continental Free Trade Area is already running up against the hard realities of the continent’s endemic trade barriers.

Katherine Tai speaks after then President-elect Joe Biden announced her nomination to be U.S. trade representative

Why Everyone Likes Katherine Tai

Biden’s nominee to be U.S. trade representative is admired on both sides of the aisle, but she faces some of the toughest conditions ever when it comes to winning over the rest of the world.

Police officers inspect the truck of a driver working in the shellfish industry who brought his truck to central London to protest

Britain’s Been Hammered by Brexit, but It Got the Vaccine Right

The positive contrast with the European Union’s COVID-19 vaccine debacle has masked a rocky exit from Europe.

French President Emmanuel Macron hugs Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi before their meeting at the Chateau of Chantilly, near Paris, on Aug. 22, 2019.

Why France Has a Much Better India Strategy Than America

France’s state-centered development model is a natural fit for the Indo-Pacific.

U.S. President Joe Biden signs an executive order related to U.S. manufacturing at the White House in Washington on Jan. 25.

Biden Should Dump the Trump Playbook on Trade With China

Washington should get back in the trade game and use it as leverage against Beijing.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, European Council President Charles Michel, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron, and Chinese President Xi Jinping are seen on a screen during a video conference to approve an investment pact between China and the European Union in Brussels on Dec. 30, 2020.

Europe Is Getting Closer to China, But Biden Can Pull It Back

In negotiations with Beijing over a new investment treaty, Brussels has asserted its autonomy from Washington. A human rights focus could repair the transatlantic rift.

A Chinese worker looks on as a cargo ship is loaded at a port in Qingdao, in eastern China's Shandong province, on July 13, 2017.

Trade Can Drive a Revived U.S. Strategy in Asia

After years of neglect under Trump, the region needs fresh attention from Biden.

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