welfare state

Participants seen holding flags during the National Rosary

Why Poland’s Populists Keep Winning

PiS won by offering provincial voters social benefits that transformed their lives. If Poland’s opposition wants to defeat the illiberal ruling party, it will have to offer an alternative welfare state model.

Youth members prepare for the visit of the head of the Social Democrats, Mette Frederiksen (displayed on banners), at a meeting celebrating the International Workers' Day in Aalborg, Denmark on May 1.

Did the Left Really Win in Denmark?

The Social Democrats are poised to lead the next government, but after adopting the far-right’s anti-immigration agenda the party isn’t what it used to be.

An equation written at a secondary school on Dec. 1, 2014 in London. (Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

The Welfare State Is Committing Suicide by Artificial Intelligence

Denmark is using algorithms to deliver benefits to citizens—and undermining its own democracy in the process.

Susanne Engman illustration for Foreign Policy

Swedes Can’t Go Home Again

In the run-up to Sweden’s election, one word explains why the country used to feel like a family—and why it now feels adrift.

Political posters in Stockholm, Sweden, on Sept. 1, ahead of the Sept. 9 general elections. (Jonathan Nackstrand/AFP/Getty Images)

So Long, Swedish Welfare State?

The model is already a thing of the past. But as this week’s election will show, Sweden will need to keep reforming.

Italian PM Matteo Renzi waved as he received UK Prime Minister, Theresa May at Villa Pamphili, on July 27, 2016 in Rome.

The Italian Center-Left Didn’t Collapse. It Never Existed.

A party with no sense of what it stood for was doomed from the start.

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